Dassault’s Falcon 900 trijet is a larger development of the Falcon 50. The Falcon 900 has a wide variety of variants, the first of which was produced in 1984. Compared to the Falcon 50, the original Falcon 900 has a cabin almost 10 feet longer, five inches taller, and a foot and a half wider. It seats three more passengers, as well, with room for 12. It also has a faster climb rate, faster cruise speed, and a range that’s almost 1,000 nautical miles further.
The original Falcon 900 is powered by three Garrett TFE731-5AR-1C engines, has a normal cruise speed of 444 knots, a range of 4,080 nautical miles, a climb rate of 3,755 feet per minute, and requires 5,655 feet of runway to takeoff and 2,775 feet to land.
The Falcon 900 MSA is a maritime patrol version of the original 900 that was created for the Japanese Coast Guard, coming equipped with search radar and a hatch for dropping rescue equipment with similar performance specs to the original 900.
The Falcon 900B is an upgraded version of the original that was first produced in 1991. It’s powered by three TFE731-5BR-1C engines, has a normal cruise speed of 454 knots, a range of 3,904 nautical miles, a climb rate of 3,755 feet per minute, and requires 5,015 feet of runway to takeoff and 2,775 to land.
The Falcon 900EX is an extended range version of the 900, equipped with three TFE731-60 engines and more fuel to increase its range by more than 800 nautical miles compared to the 900B. It also comes with improved Honeywell Primus avionics, entering service in 1996. The 900EX has a normal cruise speed of 447 nautical miles, a range of 4,725 nautical miles, a climb rate of 3,880 feet per minute, and requires 5,085 feet of runway for takeoff and 2,864 to land.
The Falcon 900C’s performance specs are identical to those of the Falcon 900B, but the 900C, which was introduced in 2000, has an upgraded avionics system with a Honeywell EDZ 820 five-display tube EFIS and Rockwell Collins Pro Line FMS. It comes equipped with the same -5BR engines found on the 900B.
The Falcon 900DX is similar to the 900EX, equipped with the same TFE731-60 engines but with less fuel capacity and a lighter takeoff weight. Its performance specs are similar to those of the 900EX, but its runway requirements aren’t quite as long and its range is shorter at 4,290, which is a happy medium between the 900C and 900EX.
The Falcon 900EX EASy performs identically to the 900EX, but comes equipped with the Honeywell/Dassault EASy avionics system, based on the Honeywell Primus Epic system, improving pilot awareness.
The 900LX is a variant of the 900EX that comes equipped with API blended winglets and the Honeywell Primus Epic avionics system.
Dassault also created a number of 900EXs used by the Italian military, which they designated the VC-900A.
Another Italian military Falcon 900 is the VC-900B, which is their designation for the 900EX EASy.